The immune system relies heavily on NAD to power and regulate its operations, so it makes sense that low NAD levels could cause serious malfunctions.
Here are the studies with respect to Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE):
Mar 1, 2022
Immunity - Lupus - Inflammation
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Boosting NAD+ Blunts Toll-Like Receptor-4 Induced Type-I Interferon in Control and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Monocytes
Fasting and NAD+-boosting compounds, including NAD+ precursor nicotinamide riboside (NR), confer antiinflammatory effects. However, the underlying mechanisms and therapeutic potential are incompletely defined. We explored the underlying biology in myeloid cells from healthy volunteers following in vivo placebo or NR administration and subsequently tested the findings in vitro in monocytes extracted from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)...We conclude that NR, in an NAD+-dependent manner and in part via inosine signaling, mediated suppression of autophagy and attenuated type I IFN in myeloid cells, and we identified NR as a potential adjunct for systemic lupus erythematosus management.
Feb 7, 2019
Reproduction - Pregnancy - Kidney - Lupus
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Nicotinamide alleviates kidney injury and pregnancy outcomes in lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice treated with lipopolysaccharide
...NAM improved BP and kidney injury, prolonged pregnancy periods, and improved fetal growth in the pregnant MRL/lpr-LPS mice. The results suggest that SLE patients are prone to develop poor pregnancy outcome, and likely develop severe nephropathy and kidney inflammation. NAM may be a novel therapeutic option that improves kidney injury and pregnancy outcomes, thereby benefiting pregnant patients with SLE.