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Boosting NAD+ Blunts Toll-Like Receptor-4 Induced Type-I Interferon in Control and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Monocytes

Journal of Clinical Investigation

March 1, 2022

Wu, Jing

Summary

Fasting and NAD+-boosting compounds, including NAD+ precursor nicotinamide riboside (NR), confer antiinflammatory effects. However, the underlying mechanisms and therapeutic potential are incompletely defined. We explored the underlying biology in myeloid cells from healthy volunteers following in vivo placebo or NR administration and subsequently tested the findings in vitro in monocytes extracted from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)...We conclude that NR, in an NAD+-dependent manner and in part via inosine signaling, mediated suppression of autophagy and attenuated type I IFN in myeloid cells, and we identified NR as a potential adjunct for SLE management.

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