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A Promising Strategy to Treat Neurodegenerative Diseases by SIRT3 Activation

International Journal of Molecular Sciences

January 13, 2023

Tyagi, Alpna


SIRT3, the primary mitochondrial deacetylase, regulates the functions of mitochondrial proteins including metabolic enzymes and respiratory chain components. Although SIRT3’s functions in peripheral tissues are well established, the significance of its downregulation in neurodegenerative diseases is beginning to emerge...SIRT3 deficiency is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS), a precondition for diseases including obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The pure form of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is rare, and it has been reported to coexist with these diseases in aging populations. SIRT3 downregulation leads to mitochondrial dysfunction, neuroinflammation, and inflammation, potentially triggering factors of AD pathogenesis. Recent studies have also suggested that SIRT3 may act through multiple pathways to reduce plaque formation in the AD brain. In this review, we give an overview of SIRT3’s roles in brain physiology and pathology and discuss several activators of SIRT3 that can be considered potential therapeutic agents for the treatment of dementia...NMN and NR can be expected to have broad-spectrum effects in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases by activating these sirtuins.

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